Covid-19: Regularly Requested Questions

Tips and guidance for protective your circle of relatives at some point of the COVID-19 pandemic.


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The COVID-19 pandemic has upended the lives of kids and their households round the world. UNICEF is operating with health professionals to promote information over worry, bringing straightforward guidance and answering some of the questions that families would possibly have.

What is COVID-19?

COVID-19 is an infectious respiratory illness resulting from a newly discovered coronavirus referred to as SARS-CoV-2. ‘CO’ stands for corona, ‘VI’ for virus, and ‘D’ for disorder.

What are the signs and symptoms of COVID-19?

Many COVID-19 signs and symptoms are much like the ones of the flu, the not unusual bloodless and other conditions, so a check is required to affirm if a person has COVID-19. Symptoms may additionally seem 2 to fourteen days after publicity to the virus and can variety from very moderate to excessive contamination. Some human beings who’ve been inflamed don’t have any signs.

The maximum common signs and symptoms are fever, cough, and tiredness. Other symptoms can include shortness of breath, chest ache or pressure, muscle or frame aches, headache, lack of taste or scent, confusion, sore throat, congestion or runny nostril, diarrhea, nausea and vomiting, stomach pain, and skin rashes. In addition to these symptoms, infants can also have problem feeding.

Children of any age can turn out to be unwell with COVID-19. While children and adults experience similar signs, kids commonly have much less severe infection than adults.

Symptoms requiring pressing clinical attention encompass problem respiration/fast or shallow respiratory (also grunting, incapability to breastfeed in toddlers), blue lips or face, chest ache or stress, confusion, incapacity to awaken/no longer interacting, incapacity to drink or preserve down any liquids and severe belly ache.  

How does the COVID-19 virus spread?

The virus can spread from an infected character’s mouth or nose in small droplets when they cough, sneeze, communicate, sing or breathe. These debris can variety in length from large breathing droplets to smaller aerosols, and people may be contagious whether or not they may be displaying signs.

So some distance, the proof indicates that the virus spreads mainly between folks who are in close touch with every other, usually within 1 metre. A individual may be inflamed while aerosols or droplets containing the virus are inhaled or come immediately into contact with the eyes, nose, or mouth.

The virus also can unfold in poorly ventilated and/or crowded indoor settings, where human beings generally tend to spend longer intervals of time. Indoor locations, mainly those with bad ventilation, are riskier than outdoor places.

People may additionally end up infected through touching their mouth, nostril or eyes after touching surfaces infected with the virus. Experts are continuing their studies into how COVID-19 spreads, and which conditions are maximum volatile.

Are the COVID-19 vaccines safe and powerful?

Yes, despite the fact that COVID-19 vaccines are being advanced as unexpectedly as viable, they must go through rigorous trying out in scientific trials to show that they meet across the world agreed benchmarks for protection and effectiveness. Only in the event that they meet these requirements can a vaccine get hold of validation from WHO and country wide regulatory organizations.

>> Read more about the COVID-19 vaccines.

How do COVID-19 vaccines work?

Will my baby be able to get the COVID-19 vaccine? 

Children had been not included within the initial trials for COVID-19 vaccines as their immune systems are exclusive from the ones of adults and might range substantially depending on their age. Clinical assessments are ongoing to evaluate whether the COVID-19 vaccines can also be safe and effective for them. Continue to comply with countrywide and nearby guidance on assisting to save you the spread of COVID-19.

>> Read: What you need to realize about COVID-19 vaccines

I’ve heard there are variations of the virus that reasons COVID-19. What does this mean?

It’s everyday for viruses to mutate over the years. Experts are constantly monitoring new editions of the coronavirus that reasons COVID-19 to see in the event that they spread extra effortlessly, motive more excessive disease, or may want to have an effect at the effectiveness of vaccines. Some new traces of the virus, inclusive of the Delta variation, look like more contagious.

The high-quality manner we can limit the transmission of COVID-19 is for humans to get the vaccine when available to them and retain to observe present advice on preventing the spread of the virus, such as physical distancing, sporting masks, regular handwashing and maintaining indoor areas nicely ventilated.

Are any of these new COVID-19 editions more risky for youngsters? 

Experts are persevering with to screen those variants round the sector to better understand their impact, including on kids. So a ways, the evidence doesn’t advocate that these variations are particularly targeting children, and severe illness in young human beings remains extraordinarily uncommon.

Parents ought to preserve to inspire their youngsters to take the equal precautions as earlier than to assist save you getting and spreading COVID-19.

Do the COVID-19 vaccines paintings against the brand new editions?

WHO says that the vaccines accredited so far are predicted to offer as a minimum a few safety towards the new editions.

Experts round the arena are continuously analyzing how the new versions affect the behaviour of the virus, consisting of any ability impact at the effectiveness of COVID-19 vaccines.

In the destiny, modifications to vaccinations together with the usage of booster pictures and different updates may be necessary to make sure protection towards new variants.

But in the period in-between, the essential component to do is to get vaccinated and hold measures to reduce the spread of the virus – which enables to lessen the possibilities for the virus to mutate – which include physical distancing, masks wearing, excellent air flow, everyday handwashing and in search of care early when you have signs.

I’ve been vaccinated, do I nonetheless want to get examined for COVID-19?

If you have got been completely vaccinated but are displaying signs of COVID-19, you must touch your medical doctor about whether you have to get tested.

What is ‘Long COVID’? Can youngsters be affected? 

Post COVID-19 situation, also every now and then called ‘Long COVID,’ is a time period used to explain signs persisting for weeks or months in a few human beings after the initial recuperation from COVID-19 infection. 

More studies is needed to better recognize the long-time period consequences of COVID-19, but teens and youngsters with out underlying persistent scientific conditions, as well as those who experienced slight symptoms in the course of acute COVID-19 contamination, have also been affected. The number of children with Long COVID is uncertain, however surveys advocate signs and symptoms in kids can encompass fatigue, gastrointestinal problems, sore throats, complications, and muscle ache and weak point. 

Children and young people will also be stricken by multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C), a rare but severe situation that looks to be connected to COVID-19. If your baby or a family member is experiencing new or continual signs and symptoms following acute COVID-19 infection, you must consult your healthcare issuer.

How can I defend myself and others from COVID-19?

Recent surges of COVID-19 in a few countries are a reminder of the importance of continuing to take precautions. Here are some stuff you and your family can take to assist keep away from infection:

  • Avoid crowded places, constrained and enclosed spaces with terrible ventilation, and try to practice bodily distancing from people in public, retaining at least 1 metre distance between your self and others
  • Wear a mask whilst in public locations where there is community transmission and in which physical distancing is not possible
  • Wash your hands frequently using soap and water or an alcohol-based hand rub (Read: Everything you want to recognise about washing your palms to guard towards COVID-19)
  • Keep all indoor areas properly ventilated
  • Cover mouth and nose with flexed elbow or tissue whilst coughing or sneezing. Dispose of used tissue straight away
  • Regularly clean and disinfect often touched surfaces like telephones, doorknobs, mild switches and counter tops
  • Seek medical care early in case you or your toddler has a fever, cough, trouble respiratory or other symptoms of COVID-19

Should I wear a medical mask to guard against COVID-19?

The use of a scientific mask is advised when you have respiration signs and symptoms (coughing or sneezing) to defend others, or in case you are worrying for a person who may have COVID-19.

If masks are worn, they need to be used and disposed of well to ensure their effectiveness and to keep away from any improved risk of transmitting the virus. Disposable face mask must best be used as soon as.

The use of a mask alone is not sufficient to stop infections and need to be combined with common hand washing, masking sneezes and coughs, and heading off near touch with everybody with bloodless or flu-like symptoms (coughing, sneezing, fever).

>> Read: COVID-19 and mask – Tips for families

Does COVID-19 affect kids?

We are nevertheless getting to know how it affects children. We realize it’s miles feasible for humans of any age to be infected and transmit the virus, although older humans and/or people with pre-current clinical conditions seem more likely to develop extreme infection.

There are reports of an extraordinary however critical multisystem inflammatory syndrome affecting youngsters and teens, likely associated with COVID-19. Clinical capabilities can encompass however aren’t restrained to: continual fever; rash; pink or purple eyes; swollen and/or purple lips, tongue, fingers, feet; gastrointestinal problems; low blood stress; terrible blood float to organs; and other signs of infection.

Children who’ve those signs need to are searching for hospital treatment. Early diagnosis and treatment are vital, but preliminary reports propose most instances answered properly to anti inflammatory remedy. 

What have to I do if my infant has symptoms of COVID-19?

Seek care early if your toddler is having symptoms and try to keep away from going to public places (workplace, faculties, public delivery) to save you it spreading to others.

What precautions must I take for my circle of relatives if we travel?

Anyone making plans a experience ought to usually observe nearby and national steerage on whether or not it is really useful to journey. Those traveling must test the advisory for their vacation spot for any restrictions on entry, quarantine requirements on entry, or different applicable travel advice. If flying, it is also advocated to consult the tips for the airline you are visiting with. Follow the same non-public protection measures all through journey as you would at domestic.

In addition to taking fashionable journey precautions, and with a purpose to keep away from being quarantined or denied re-access into your property us of a, you also are cautioned to test the cutting-edge COVID-19 replace at the International Air Transport Association internet site, which incorporates a list of countries and restriction measures.

>> Read extra suggestions for visiting with your own family at some stage in COVID-19

Can pregnant ladies pass COVID-19 to unborn kids? 

At this time, there isn’t always enough proof to decide whether the COVID-19 virus is transmitted from a mother to her child in the course of pregnancy, or the potential impact this could have on the baby. This is presently being investigated. Pregnant women should keep to comply with appropriate precautions to shield themselves from publicity to the virus, and are seeking for medical care early, if experiencing signs and symptoms, which includes fever, cough or problem respiratory.

>> Read: Navigating being pregnant during the COVID-19 pandemic

Is it secure for a mother to breastfeed if she is inflamed with COVID-19?

All moms in affected and at-hazard regions who have signs of fever, cough or trouble respiratory, should seek medical care early, and comply with instructions from a health care issuer. 

Considering the advantages of breastfeeding and the insignificant position of breastmilk in the transmission of different respiratory viruses, the mom can preserve breastfeeding, whilst applying all the vital precautions.

>> Breastfeeding thoroughly for the duration of the COVID-19 pandemic

There’s numerous incorrect information about COVID-19 on line. What need to I do?

There are plenty of myths and incorrect information about COVID-19 being shared on-line. Get confirmed records and advice from relied on assets like your local health authority, the UN, UNICEF, WHO.

If you notice content material online which you accept as true with to be false or deceptive, you could assist stop it spreading through reporting it to the social media platform.

COVID-19 has been defined as a “pandemic”. What does that imply?

The time period “pandemic” refers to the geographical unfold of COVID-19, it isn’t an illustration of the wide variety of people who have been infected by way of the virus.

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